ISSN 0718-3291 Versión Impresa

ISSN 0718-3305 Versión en línea

Volumen 27 N° 4, Octubre - Diciembre 2019

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Relevancia de las revistas científicas en la difusión del conocimiento

The Relevance of Scientific Journals in the Dissemination of Knowledge

Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería

On-line version ISSN 0718-3305

Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. vol.27 no.4 Arica Dec. 2019 


The Relevance of Scientific Journals in the Dissemination of Knowledge

PhD Francisco Ganga-Contreras1 

1 Universidad de Los Lagos. Santiago, Chile E-mail:

Exploring the surrounding world, seeking answers to the problems that human beings face every day is one of their innate conditions, and there, precisely, there is an urgent need to reflect continuously and systematically spending time searching for new information.

In a nutshell, the core of scientific research presupposes the exploration of replicas, answers, refutations, trying to establish a connection with reality, achieving complete knowledge to contribute to the social, economic and cultural progress of the people.

From that point of view, then, it could be affirmed that research is an intellectual activity based on the curiosity of people and, consequently, a work of reflexive, methodical and highly critical thinking individuals.

In the current times, society expects universities to assume and install as a priority the task of research as one of its most representative pillars; although this does not mean that there is no awareness that it will not necessarily be possible to satisfy all the concerns of the community, since most of the time probable answers are offered after the scientific inquiry process is operationalized.

In its vast majority, the results of the research translate into scientific publications in indexed journals. Currently, for example, the Scimago database includes more than 34 thousand journals indexed in Scopus, and only 2.46% are from Latin America. This scenario that is repeated with scientific articles; In 2018, 3,536,878 were published worldwide, of which only 149,895 were generated in the Region (Scimago, 2018).

Now, if we consider the production by countries, Scimago itself has prepared a production ranking with one hundred countries, which is led by the United States, with 683,003 documents; and ten countries (in addition to the US, China, United Kingdom, Germany, India, Japan, France, Italy, Canada, and Australia), account for 61.7% of the total articles (Scimago, 2018).

In the case of Latin America, Brazil occupies the best position in fourteenth place with a figure of 81,742, followed by Mexico with 25,290 and Argentina with 14,737 in the twenty-eighth and forty-fourth positions respectively. Nevertheless, the sum of the scientific production of the Region constitutes only 4.19% of the total worldwide.

If the analysis is carried out by disciplinary areas, it is possible to determine that in the Engineering (miscellaneous) category, in Scopus there are 474 scientific journals and only nine are Latin American (four Colombian, two Brazilian, one Chilean, one Mexican and one Venezuelan); none is Q1, four are Q2, and three are Q3 (Scimago, 2018).

These are some of the reasons that fully justify the support of Latin American universities and their respective governments, to scientific journals, which must be strengthened to improve their international positioning in the relevant quality indexes. We must never forget that it is through scientific publications, that society can appreciate and become aware of the results of research work and what it represents for the respective community, which is who finally funds the scientific activity.


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Desarrollado por: Cristian Díaz Fonseca -