ISSN 0718-3291 Versión Impresa

ISSN 0718-3305 Versión en línea

Volumen 28 N° 3, Julio - Septiembre 2020

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Investigación, innovación y transferencia de tecnología

Research, innovation, and technology transfer

Ingeniare. Revista chilena de ingeniería

On-line version ISSN 0718-3305

Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. vol.28 no.3 Arica Sept. 2020

http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-33052020000300360 

Articles

Research, innovation, and technology transfer

Alejandro Rodríguez Estay* 

* Facultad de Ingeniería. Universidad de Tarapacá. Arica, Chile. E-mail: arodrig@academicos.uta.cl

Technology transfer is the movement of knowledge and inventions for the benefit of society. It can be done through research publications, exchanges at scientific conferences, formal and informal relationships with industry, incorporating highly qualified human resources into the workforce. It is the formal transfer of intellectual property rights to use and commercialize innovations as a result of scientific research from one entity to another.

The versatility and dynamism of the global market sustained by fast and continuous technological leaps and changes that affect companies worldwide must be Considered. Under normal conditions, cooperation and trade flow require new global leadership in an increasingly interdependent world, all made possible by the continuous development of information and communication technologies.

In this global society, entrepreneurship and knowledge are the forces that drive economic growth, job creation, and competition in a global market1. In this scenario, everything works intertwined, transfers of knowledge, and technologies occur when the experience of some affects the experience of others2.

However, in times of crisis, global leadership disappears, and trade and exchanges stop flowing, revealing the realities of the capacities of the industry and universities of each country.

In crises, countries and their societies look to their universities expecting answers, which would be very effective if these institutions had strong support for research, innovation, and technology transfers, from universities to industry. This support would allow us to have the capacities and autonomy to meet the needs, such as those faced by a country in a global emergency. Furthermore, constant research, innovation, and technology transfer would allow an industry with the potential to launch new products and commercialize new technologies, supporting the country's social and economic development.

Today more than ever, research support from the state and the private sector is required. We must transform ourselves into an entrepreneurial society where the university and its scientists produce, disseminate, and transfer knowledge, generating networks with public and private organizations where growth, extra jobs, new companies, and better services must be supplied for society's benefit. It should be understood that by investing in research, supporting entrepreneurship, and building bridges for technology transfer, it provides energy to the national and regional economy.

 


Otros Artículos

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1
Innovación universitaria (2008)
Fernando Cabrales Muñoz
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2
Evolución de los Paradigmas de la Matemática (2020)
Heriberto Román Flores
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3
La Ingeniería Mecánica en Chile: presente y futuro (2016)
Mario Toledo Torres, Franco Perazzo Maggi
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Desarrollado por: Cristian Díaz Fonseca - cfonseca@matiasluke.cl